St James' Anglican Church

173 King Street

John Gray 1827, William Davidson 1901, Hill, Norman and Beard 1971, Dobson 2024



Information and photos supplied from St James' Church Office:


The organ built by John Gray of London was originally installed in the west gallery and was played for the first time on 7 October, 1827. Probably the first organ in the colony, it was a two manual instrument of eleven stops.

"St James’ new organ pealed its notes of praise for the first time at a noon service on Sunday to an overflowing congregation. The organ was not in perfect harmony owing to its yet incomplete state. Its intonations however in many instances was full, rich and harmonious."

-          The Australian, 10 October, 1827.


The organ in 1898


Specification of the Gray Organ:

GREAT
Open Diapason 
Stopped Diapason
Principal
Fifteenth 
Sesquialtera
Mixture
Trumpet 
 
SWELL
Open Diapason
Stopped Diapason
Principal 
Fifteenth  
Hautboy

PEDAL
pulldowns (one octave)

8
8
4
2


8


8
8
4
2
8



GG compass






(added 1831)

F0 compass










After a number of moves around the church’s galleries, the instrument was placed in what had been intended as the south porch in 1867.

From 1872 the organ was in the care of William Davidson who added to and rebuilt the old organ until, by about 1900, there were eleven stops on the Great, ten on the Swell & two Pedal stops. The impressive tall organ case, of English design, was re-used by William Davidson when he modernised and enlarged the organ. The side towers of the original casework were surmounted by mitres and the central tower by a crown. A stylised replica case above and behind it accommodated Davidson’s enlargements.

Further extensive alterations & additions were made under the then organist, Arthur Mason (who was also City Organist) and the instrument was placed in its current position on either side of the Choir in 1901. George Fincham & Son later renovated the instrument adding three stops, and later again C.W. Leggo added the Pedal 16’ Violone.


The organ in 1902


For at least forty years the specification was:

GREAT
Bourdon 
Open Diapason No. 1  
Open Diapason No. 2  
Stopt Diapason
Hohl Flute
Gamba
Principal   
Harmonic Flute
Twelfth   
Fifteenth      
Mixture   
Trumpet   

SWELL
Bourdon  
Open Diapason  
Stopt Diapason     
Viol d’Gamba  
Viol Celeste 
Principal       
Flute 
Fifteenth   
Mixture        
Horn        
Oboe
Clarion

CHOIR
Flauto Traverso
Gedeckt     
Viole d’Orchestre  
Dulciana       
Flute      
Piccolo    
Clarinet  

PEDAL
Open Bass
Violone
Bourdon 
Quint   
Principal 
Bass Flute 

16
8
8
8
8
8
4
4
2-2/3
2
IV
8


16
8
8
8
8
4
4
2
IV
8
8
4


8
8
8
8
4
2
8


16
16
16
10-2/3
8
8


Manual compass:  56 notes
Pedal compass:  30 notes
Tubular-pneumatic action



It had long been apparent that major work was necessary and in 1967 the Parish Council set up a committee to call tenders and make recommendations. Early in 1970, the Parish Council decided to place a contract with Hill, Norman & Beard (Aust.) Pty Ltd for the reconstruction of the organ for $35,000. After further consideration the final specification was drawn up at a cost of around $50,000. The work was completed in 1971 & made possible by a substantial bequest by Wilmet Helena Peele, received by the Church at that time. The console is in memory of the Reverend J.H.Chaseling and the Trompette Militaire stop in memory of George Faunce Allman.

Almost all of the Davidson, Fincham & Leggo stops were retained. The Great Gamba was moved to the pedal as the basis of the 16’ Salicional. The Swell Bourdon was replaced by the Contra Fagotto.




 

 

Hill, Norman and Beard 1971

Great Organ
Quintaton
Open Diapason I
Open Diapason II
Hohl Flute
Stopped Diapason
Principal
Harmonic Flute
Spitz Flute
Twelfth
Fifteenth
Mixture
Plein Jeu
Trumpet
Clarion

Swell Organ
Open Diapason
Gedeckt
Viole da Gamba
Voix Celeste
Geigen Principal
Lieblich Flute
Doublette
Sesquialtera
Plein Jeu
Contra Fagotto
Horn
Oboe
Clarion
Tremulant

Choir Organ
Bourdon
Stopped Diapason
Dulciana
Gemshorn
Nason Flute
Flute Nazard
Gemshorn
Octavin
Quartane
Clarinet
Tremulant
Trumpet
Clarion
Trompette Militaire

Positive Organ
Gedeckt
Chimney Flute
Nazard
Principal
Piccolo
Tierce
Larigot
Cymbale
Krummhorn
Positive to Great
Positive to Choir
Positive to Pedal

Pedal Organ
Resultant Bass
Open Bass
Bourdon
Violone
Salicional
Quint
Principal
Flute
Fifteenth
Octave Flute
Nachthorn
Mixture
Contra Posaune
Posaune
Krummhorn
Clarion
Krummhorn

16
8
8
8
8
4
4
4
2-2/3
2
III
IV
8
4


8
8
8
8
4
4
2
II
IV
16
8
8
4



16
8
8
4
4
2-2/3
2
1
II
8

8
4
8


8
4
2-2/3
2
2
1-3/5
1-1/3
II
8





32
16
16
16
16
10-2/3
8
8
4
4
2
IV
16
16
8
4
4







(tenor C)





A
A

(enclosed)















(enclosed)
G
G
(tenor C)
H
G
G
H
H

(tenor C)

A
A
(tenor C) en chamade, unenclosed










F





D+E

D


E
C
I
C
I
I
(disconnected)
B
B
F
B
F



Couplers
Swell Octave
Swell Unison Off
Swell Sub-Octave
Swell to Great Octave
Swell to Great
Swell to Great Sub-Octave
Choir to Great
Swell to Choir Octave
Swell to Choir
Swell to Choir Sub-Octave
Swell to Pedal
Great to Pedal
Choir to Pedal

Piston Couplers
Swell to Pedal Pistons
Great and Pedal Pistons

Capture Action:
7 pistons to Great Organ
7 pistons to Swell Organ
7 pistons to Choir Organ
7 toe pistons to Swell Organ
7 toe pistons to Pedal Organ
15 general pistons (above Swell)
Swell to Pedal reversible piston
Swell to Great reversible piston
Choir to Great reversible piston
Great to Pedal reversible piston
Swell to Choir reversible piston
Choir to Pedal reversible piston
Great to Pedal reversible toe piston
General Cancel piston
Setter piston
Sequencer 'Next' piston (under Swell)
Sequencer 'Next' piston (under Great)
Sequencer 'Next' piston (under Choir)
Sequencer 'Back' piston (under Great)
Bombarde 32' reversible piston (prep. for)
Sub-Bourdon 32' reversible piston (prep. for)
Cymbalstern reversible piston (prep. for)
256 levels of general memory
8 levels of departmental memory
general piston sequencer

Balanced Swell Pedal to Choir Organ
Balanced Swell Pedal to Swell Organ

Compass 61/32



THE ST JAMES’ ORGAN SPECIFICATION


Dobson Pipe Organ Builders Ltd

Lake City, Iowa, USA

Opus 99, 2024







Photos: St James' Church (June 2024)

 

GREAT
Double Diapason
First Diapason
Second Diapason
Octave
Twelfth
Fifiteenth
Seventeenth
Mixture 19.22.26.29.

16
8
8
4
2-2/3
2
1-3/5
IV
(4" pressure)
G - partly in façade
partly in façade
partly in façade





 
Enclosed in Choir box
Hohl Flute
Gamba
Harmonic Flute
Trumpet
Tremulant
Tuba
Swell to Great
Choir to Great
Solo to Great
Pedal to Great


8
8
4
8

8







A



B





 
SWELL
Lieblich Gedeckt
Diapason
Viole de Gambe
Voix Celeste
Lieblich Gedeckt
Octave
Traverse Flute
Flautina
Mixture 15.19.22.26
Waldhorn
Cornopean
Oboe
Vox Humana
Clarion
Sub Octave
Super Octave
Unison Off
Tremulant
Solo to Swell


16
8
8
8
8
4
4
2
IV
16
8
8
8
4






(enclosed) (4" pressure)
C - 1-12 existing from previous organ


tenor F
C

harmonic


M


ex Skinner Op 404 (1923), revoiced







 
CHOIR
Gamba
Stopped Diapason
Flauto Dolce
Flute Celeste
Chimney Flute
Nazard
Piccolo
Tierce
Basset Horn
Tremulant
Tuba
Sub Octave
Super Octave
Unison Off
Great to Choir
Swell to Choir
Solo to Choir
Pedal to Choir


8
8
8
8
4
2-2/3
2
1-3/5
8

8








(enclosed) (4" pressure)
A


tenor F




F

B








 
SOLO
Contre Viole
Harmonic Flute
Viole d'Orchestre
Viole Celeste
Orchestral Flute
Viole Octaviante
Cornet des Violes 10.12.15
Bassoon
Orchestral Oboe
Tremulant
Basset Horn
Tuba
Sub Octave
Super Octave
Unison Off


16
8
8
8
8
4
III
16
8

8
8




(doubly enclosed within Choir) (7" pressure, Tuba 15" pressure)
D
H
D
tenor F
H
extension of Cornet des Violes 2' rank III

E
E

F
B




 
PEDAL
Double Open Wood
Contra Salicional
Open Wood
Open Metal
Bourdon
Contre Viole
Lieblich Gedeckt
Octave
Octave Wood
Bass Flute
Still Gedeckt
Fifteenth
Octave Flute
Grand Harmonics
Contra Trombone
Trombone
Waldhorn
Trumpet
Clarion
Basset Horn
Tuba
Pedal Unison Off
Great to Pedal
Swell to Pedal
Choir to Pedal
Solo to Pedal



32
32
16
16
16
16
8
8
8
8
8
4
4

32
16
16
8
4
4
8







(6" pressure)
digital
digital
I
G
J
D
C
K - partly in façade
I
J
C
K
I
various
L
L
M
L
L
F
C







 


ADDITIONAL CONTROLS

• All Swells to Swell (thumb piston & lamp)

• Choir Expression on Solo (thumb piston & lamp)

• Nave Expression Off (drawknob; closes Swell and Choir nave-facing shade fronts)

• Generals on Swell Toe Pistons (drawknob)

• Great & Pedal Pistons Combined (drawknob)

• Pedal Divide

DETAILS OF CONSTRUCTION

• Four-manual console with drawknobs in angled vertical jambs

• Manual keyboards have bone naturals with ebony sharps

• Pedalboard has hard maple naturals and rosewood sharps

• Rosewood drawknobs with bone-coloured faces and black engraving

• Rosewood Swell, Choir, and Solo expression shoes

• Dimmable lamps for Solo keys and Pedal keys

• Bench with crank-type height adjustment

• Electric key and stop actions

• Solid State Organ Systems combination action

300 levels of general memory
16 levels of divisional memory
16 general thumb pistons
8 Great divisional thumb pistons
8 Swell divisional thumb and toe pistons
8 Choir divisional thumb pistons
8 Solo divisional thumb pistons
8 Pedal divisional toe pistons
Swell to Great reversible thumb piston
Solo to Great reversible thumb piston
Solo to Swell reversible thumb piston
Swell to Choir reversible thumb piston
Solo to Choir reversible thumb piston
Great to Pedal reversible thumb & toe piston
Swell to Pedal reversible thumb & toe piston
Choir to Pedal reversible thumb piston
Solo to Pedal reversible thumb piston
Open Wood 32 reversible thumb & toe pistons
Salicional 32 reversible thumb & toe pistons
Trombone 32 reversible thumb & toe pistons
Cancel thumb piston
Tutti reversible thumb & toe pistons
Set and Scope thumb pistons
Simple (natural order) piston stepper with Next and Previous thumb & toe pistons
All Pistons Next reversible thumb piston with lamp

 

 

 

 
George Faunce Allman
Organist of St James' 1907-1961